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Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Purple Coneflower

General Information

Purple Coneflower is an easy-to-grow, very adaptable, upright, clumping herbaceous perennial. Cultivars are commonly found in garden centers.

Purple Coneflower is typically found in moist prairies, meadows and open woods. It does best in medium, well-drained soil in full sun. It is very adaptable to drier conditions.

Purple Coneflower has showy pinkish-purple flowers and blooms between July and September. It blooms over a long period and makes a good cut flower.

Purple coneflower root was used by both early settlers to treat almost any kind of sickness. The plant was commonly used by doctors and folk practitioners as medicine. The herbaceous parts can be steeped as a tea.

Plant Information

Plant Type:

Herbaceous perennial

Sun Preference:

Full Sun * Part Sun

Soil Moisture Preference:

Medium-Wet * Medium * Medium-Dry

Plant Height:

2 to 3 feet

Plant Width:

1 to 2 feet

Plant Spacing:

1.5 to 2 feet

Flower Color:


Flower timing:

July to September

Culture Information:

Purple Coneflower makes an excellent plant for all-around use. It works well in meadows, naturalized areas, recreational play areas, woodlands, butterfly gardens, children's gardens, cottage gardens, cutting gardens, drought tolerant gardens, native gardens, pollinator gardens, and even rock gardens. It is often mass-planted with Black-eyed Susan.

When first planted, Purple Coneflower should be watered weekly for first few months, unless at least an inch of rain has been received in the last week to help it get established. After it becomes established, Purple Coneflower does not typically need watering.

If desired, Purple Coneflower can be cut back to the ground in late fall or over winter. Clumps should be divided every 3-5 years when they become overcrowded. Purple Coneflower will usually rebloom without deadheading; prompt removal of spent flowers improves general appearance.


Clay Soil
Dry Soil
Shallow-Rocky Soil
Poor Soil

Pests & Disease:

Purple Coneflower typically has no serious insect problems. Japanese beetles are an occasional problem.

Purple Coneflower doesn’t usually have serious disease problems. It is susceptible to aster yellows disease and leaf spot are occasional problems.

Wildlife Use:

Pollinators: Pollinators, especially butterflies are attracted to the flowers. Purple Coneflower is a larval host plant for the Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata), and Silvery Checkerspot (Chlosyne nycteis) larvae.

Birds: Gold Finches and other songbirds will eat the see if the flower heads are not removed.

Mammals: Purple Coneflower is somewhat deer resistant.

Other: N/A.

Native to:

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